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Grade 4 Science

A World of Living Things

Cell Inspector- Student Activity   
Students inspect the cell to identify plants and animals.  They label parts of a cell and identify  cells based on the presence or absence of chloroplasts & cell walls as animal or plant. 

Vertebrates  
This site allows students to click on a group of vertebrate animals to learn more about them.  Fish, amphibians, mammals, reptiles, birds and more are all ready to be explored.  The site contains quicktime movies, pictures, and links to other sites. 

Invertebrates  
 
This site allows students to click on a group of invertebrate animals to learn more about them.  Protozoa, annelids, mollusks, crustaceans, insects and more are all ready to be explored.  The site has quicktime movies, pictures and links to other sites.  
 
Plant Parts- Fruit   
This page explains what fruit is and the process that unfolds for fruit to develop. 

Fun Facts About Fungi   
This site shares some fun facts about fungi with students!  Fungi both cure and cause disease. They determine what plants grow in yards and in forests, and keep us from being buried in waste. Some fungi taste great --others can kill you!  The site is also available in Polish and Spanish.  Topics include: What are Fungi?  What's in a name?  Dispersal and much more.  There are experiments, puzzles and games for students.  There is a Guide for Teachers too. 

Animal Adaptations- Student Activity  
During this fun activity students decide what need an animal's adaptation fulfills.  
 
 
Plant Growth and Adaptation

Life Cycles - Parts of a flower
Labeling and dissecting the parts of a flower.

Rainforest Plant Adaptations  
Adaptation is considered to be the ways a living thing gets what it needs to survive.  This site presents Rainforest plant adaptations students can explore.   
 
Human Body System

Muscles
This site contains several articles about muscles.

Your Multitalented Muscles
KidsHealth presents information about what muscles are made of as well as how they work. 

The Amazing Human Body- Student Activity 
Students explore the many different human body systems. They can study different human body systems in detail. 

Looking at Ecosystems

Ecosystems 
Students learn that everything in the natural world is connected.  This page introduces ecosystems and their characteristics. 

Exploring Ecosystems  
Students discover the plants, animals, and interactions that occur in three different  ecosystems.  
 
Population Dynamics  
This web page helps students understand that animal and plant populations depend on many things for survival.  They learn about the limiting factors that affect populations.  
 
Niche
This web page allows students to learn that each plant or animal in a community has a special job in the natural world.  There is an on-line quiz included that tests a student's knowledge about niches.  

Habitat
Students learn about habitats and what they provide.  
 
Food Webs
This web page has students build three virtual food webs.  While participating students build on their understanding of ecosystems.   

Coral Reefs
Students learn about coral reefs on this page.  They learn what reefs are, how they form, where they are found, their importance and more.  This page also has print outs of coral reef animals.   

Marshes- A Shorebird's Journey 
This interesting site is a rich source of information, activities, and links about shorebirds, migration, and wetlands.  One page has information on inland freshwater and coastal saltwater marshes.  Students learn where marshes are located, the kind of plants and animals that inhabit  marsh areas and more.  
 
Kelp Forests  
This page, part of the Biomes of the World web site, has information on kelp forests and several useful links including frequently asked questions about oceans Voyage to the Deep This site examines hydrothermal vents.  Students learn what deep ocean vents are and about how they form.  There is a link, Creature Features,  where students can view Quicktime movies and pictures of a deep ocean vent and animals that inhabit the  ecosystem.  Another link, High-Tech Tools, explains the technology and tools scientists
use for deep- sea exploration.  
 
Earth's Surface

 
Earthquakes for Kids 
This page designed for kids by the U.S. Department of Interior is very informative and includes maps of recent earthquakes in the USA, Science Fair Project Ideas, puzzles and games, as well as online activities.  
 
Volcanoes   
This site designed for children teaches students about volcanoes and how to be prepared for disasters and help prevent disaster damage.  They also learn what causes disasters, play games, read stories and become a Disaster Action Kid.   

Fossil Formation Animation 
 
This animation shows students the formation of a cast and mold, one way that fossils can form.  Casts are copies of fossilized plants or animals. Molds are hollow impressions of the fossil. This process takes thousands or millions of years.  
 
Types of Fossils   
This site from Enchanted Learning explains all about fossils and trace fossils.  It names the four types of fossils and the ways that organisms can turn into fossils too.  
 
Learning About Fossil Fuels  
This site, provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, introduces students to fossil energy.  Students learn how coal was formed, how oil is produced, and how we get gas from the ground and the sea.  This is an interesting site that students can explore to learn about fossil fuels. 

Patterns on Earth and in Space

Weather Conditions

Weather Wiz Kids 
This page explains which weather instrument measures what, and how the instrument works. This site also includes information on all aspects of weather including hurricanes, tornadoes, winter storms, and much more.

Weather Watch  
This interactive site from Scholastic allows students to 'test drive' the tools meteorologists use every day.  Students click on each tool for more information along with instructions on building it and using it in an experiment.

Chapter 2- The Oceans
 
Oceans in Motion  
This site shows and explains to students how ocean waters are always in motion. Currents flow  like rivers, waves crash against seashores and tides rise and fall.  They learn about ocean currents, waves and tides.  
 
Observe a Wave in Motion    
This page allows students to view an animation of ocean wave motion.  

What Does the Ocean Floor Look Like? 
This site contains graphics, maps, and interactive animations that helps students visualize what the ocean floor looks like.  Lesson 3 Chapter 3- Planets and Other Objects in Space

The Moon's Orbit and Rotation  
This page explains how Earth's moon is kept in its orbit.  It helps students understand lunar phases and tidal forces too.  
 
The Motions of the Earth and Moon  
This page answers questions about Earth's motions with text and graphics. Why is there day and night?  Why are there seasons?  Students also learn about the Moon's motions.  

The Bodies in our Solar System   
Students can click on individual planets or on other bodies in our solar system including asteroids, comets, meteoroids, or Kuiper Belt Objects to learn more about  them.  On the bottom of each page students will find links to pictures, graphics and other relevant sites. 

Jupiter's Moons and Rings  
Students can view this site at three different reading levels, Beginner, Intermediate, or Advanced.  They learn about Jupiter's sixty moons and about who discovered Jupiter's rings, how many there are, how they were formed and their composition.  
 
Saturn's Moons and Rings 
Students can view this site at three different reading levels, Beginner, Intermediate, or Advanced.  They learn about all of Saturn's moons and rings. 

Galaxies Galore and More 
These web pages contain several online explorations and fun activities for students to complete.  They can build our Milky Way, Explore Galaxies, and play Galaxy Games. 
 
Space Missions 
NASA missions are varied.  This site allows students or teachers to click on a mission to learn more about its features and progress.  Students can explore related multimedia links also. 

Matter and It's Changes

States of Matter
This site allows students an opportunity to view an animation that represents a microscopic view of each state of matter.  Students can also view a table that summarizes the properties of gases, liquids, and solids.  The table identifies the microscopic behavior responsible for each property.  
 
States of Matter Student Activity
This activity projects an animation that shows the action of particles in each state of matter.  Students can click on Gas, Liquid, or Solid.  
 
Measuring Mass   
The activities on this site are targeted to middle school students but can be used by more advanced elementary students.  Students can learn how to use a triple beam balance and practice 3 interactive problems to solve the mass of the object.  
 
Floating and Sinking 
At this site students learn about one form of floating transportation, the hot air balloon.  They learn and how and why hot air balloons float.  Students can click on Virtual Flight to experience a 4 minute balloon flight over the Black Rock Desert.  
 
Thermal Energy 
This web pages show students the two ways that energy is transferred.  They learn about doing work and heat transfer.  This page helps students learn about the three  ways that thermal energy is transferred, conduction, convection, and radiation.   

Online Quiz on Heat Transfer  
Students can test their understanding of heat transfer at this web page.  This 25  question multiple choice quiz allows students (and teachers) to have immediate feedback.  After students submit their answers they will receive their score along with corrections.  
 
Dr. E's Energy Lab
This children's site is produced by the U.S. Department of Energy.  Students learn about renewable energy including Wind Energy, Geothermal Energy, Solar Energy, and Alternative Fuels.  There is an Energy Efficiency Tip page too.  Each topic page links to other appropriate kid friendly sites that students can explore to increase their knowledge.  
Chapter 3- Sound
Interactive Sound Waves This web page designed by NASA covers several topics related to the study of sound.  Students learn how sound travels through the air.  They can take guided tours that cover the Speed of Sound, Sound Waves, and Sound Wave Simulator.
 
Echo and Doppler Shift  
Students learn about echoes and Doppler shift on this page that explains how radar works.  This page helps students understand the sonic boom phenomenon as they learn about sound and motion.  
  
Rainbows 
When students explore this site they learn about the fundamental process at work in a rainbow.  They learn about refraction, prisms, and how light and water happen to combine in just the right way to produce a rainbow. 

How the Eye Sees Color  

Students learn how the eye sees color on this web page.  They can also explore other interesting topics about color at this site.  Topics include Color and the Brain, Color and the Body, and Color and Vision. 
 

Forces and Motion
Electricity and Magnetism
 
Electrical Conductors
This page about electrical conductors contains a fact sheet, test, and worksheet that reinforces the on-screen animated lesson. 

Electromagnet Activity
This virtual activity allows students to pick-up a set amount of paper clips by creating an electromagnet. 
 
Forces:  Pushes and Pulls
This site explains to students that although we can't actually see forces we do see their effects on objects.  Students see what those effects can be. They learn about Sir Isaac Newton and how force is measured. There are links that explain other topics about forces including Acceleration, speed, springs.  

Acceleration  
Students explore how mass, force, and acceleration are related.  
 
Some Types of Force  
Gravity, Friction, Balanced and Unbalanced Forces and more are explained with graphic reinforcement.  
 
Gravity Activity
This activity allows students to see how gravity affects weight on different planets.  
 
Gravity  
Students learn what gravity is on this page.  There are links to other pages that have more information about forces.   
 
Chapter 3- Simple Machines
 
Simple Machines
This site teaches students about the six simple machines.  Each page has information and activities for student use.  There is a short online quiz for students to test their knowledge. 

Simple Machines 
The examples and activities on this web site help students understand how simple machines make work easier. 

Simple & Compound Machines  
Students explore two different virtual environments to learn about simple or compound machines.  Each activity allows students to find and identify machines within the environments.  There is a teacher's guide to use with the site and a pre and post test too.